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Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Cote d' Ivore, Ganda, Sierra Leone, Nigeria


Nigeria
Nigeria is located in Western Africa. It borders the Gulf of Guinea, between Benin and Cameroon. Its capital city is Abuja. The other major countries are Lagos, Ibadon, Abuja, and Kano. Major landforms include the Jos Plateau, Mandara mountains, the Niger delta, and the Benue river. Nigeria has a federal republic. Its chief of state, who is also the president is Umaru Musa Yar' Adua There are approximately 375 people every square mile. Major ethnic groups are Muslim, Christian, and Islam. In the country 50% are Muslim, 40% are Christian, and only 10% are indigenous cultural religions.map_of_nigeria.gif
Gambia
Gambia is located in the West Coast of Africa bordered by Senegal and the Atlantic Ocean. The capital city is Banjul. The major landforms of this small country are the islands of Macarthy and James. Both these islands have had forts on them from earlier times and are facing heavy erosion. The climate is subtropical and the ecosystem is a tropical grassland. and the leader is Yahya Ajj Jammeh. The low but steady rise of the population can be attributed to better farming and better technology. Slave traders occupying Gambia in the 1800s could ship out 600 slaves a year and European powers tried stopping it but, were not successful. Cultural foods in Gambia include Domoda and Chere. A big event in Gambia, which is one of their national holidays is Gambian Independence Day- many celebrations occur throughout Gambia and many special foods are served. Languages include Jola, Fulfide, Wolof, and Sorinke.
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Gambian money made out of contributions to AIDS
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Gambia located on the West Coast of Africa
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Gambian drummers enjoying their cultural music


Ecosystems
Tropical grassland
Natural Resources
Gambia has many different natural resources including natural gas and mineral deposits. Other natural resources include
fish, titanium (rutile and ilmenite), tin, zircon, silica sand, clay, petroleum
Major Ethnic Groups
Ethnic Groups: African 99% (Mandinka 42%, Fula 18%, Wolof 16%, Jola 10%, Serahuli 9%, other 4%), non-African 1%
Major Religions
Sunni muslims constitute more than 90 percent of the population. An estimated 9 percent of the population is Christian and less than 1 percent practice indigenous religious beliefs.
Type of Government
The type of government is a Republic
Population
The population density is roughly about 115.4 per square mile. (1,782,893)
GDP per capita
The GDP per capita is $496.
Issues of Concern
Two major issues in Gambia are Human Rights and AIDS that have effected many people throughout the years. Human Rights have cured most discrimination in Gambia and a cure for AIDS is still being studied today.

Sierra Leone
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The major climate of the region is tropical wet, which greatly affects the country. Since it has a wet climate, many crops grow well throughout the land. It also helps with the raising of animals, and causes them to have to worry less about deprivation of water.
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People of Sierra Leone
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Toke Becah in Sierra Leone
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Coast of Sierra Leone

Ecosystems
Tropical RainForest
Natural Resources
Iron Ore, Bauxite, Titanium Ore, Gold, Chromite, Diamonds
Ethnic Groups
Mende 30%, Temne 30%, Creole 10%, other African mixed 30%
Major Religions
Muslim 60%, Christian 10%, indigenous beliefs 30%
Type of Government
constitutional monarchy
Population
6,440,050
GDP per capita
About $700
Issues of Concern
Rapid population growth pressuring the environment, overharvesting of timber, and the expansion of cattle growing.

Guinea-Bissau
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The major climate of the region is Tropical wet and dry. The soil, therefore, is very good, and has a great influence on agriculture. The location of this country also affects the climate, since it borders the ocean. They have a distinct rainy season and dry season. The average amount of water is around 78 inches, although droughts have occured in previous years.
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Celebration during a presidential election
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people of Guinea-Bissau enjoying a nice lunch in the shade
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A carnival being held within Guinea-Bissau
Ecosystems
Tropical Wet and Dry
Natural Resources
Fish, Timber, Phosphates, Bauxite, Clay, Granite, Limestone, and unexploited depoists of Petroleum
Major Ethnic Groups
Balanta 30%, Fula 20%, Manjaca 14%, Mandinga 13%, Papel 7%
Major Religions
Muslim 50%, Christian 10%
Type of Government
Republic
Population
1,586,000
GDP per capita
Around $600
Issues of Concern
Deforestation, soil degredation, overgrazing, and over-fishing
Ghana
Ghana is one of the smaller parts of the West coast countries, It has one of the largest sources of oil in the area. The land there is very flat for the most part. The highest point of the whole country is 883 meters, which isnt very high. The weather there is very tropical because its so close to the water. Also, other than the coast, it has a mass amount of grasslands. Ghana is really big for music. The football, soccer in the American term, is really big there because they have a really successful football team.
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This is there world class soccer team of Ghana
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Ghana
Ivory Coast
Ivory coast, or Cote d'ivoire, is located in West Africa and borders the Gulf of Guinea. It also borders the Countries Liberia, Guinea, Burkina, and Ghana. Its capital city is Yamoussoukro, the only other major city being San Pedro. It is slightly larger than New Mexico. The climate is tropical along the coast, and semiarid in the far north. Ivory Coast has three seasons - warm and dry (November to March), hot and dry (March to May), hot and wet (June to October). Many of its citizens choose to live along the coast, and except for the Capital, the vast mojority of its interior is sparsely populated.
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Landforms-
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Gambia River in Gambia
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Gurara Falls in Nigeria
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This is Akwapim-Togo mountain in Ghana
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Zuma Rock in Nigeria

Major Cities-

Ghana- Accra
Gambia- Banjul
Ivory Coast- Yamoussoukro
Nigeria- Abuja
Guinea Bissau- Bissau
Sierra Leone- Freetown

Human/Environment Interaction:
1) In Guinea-Bissau, much of their water is polluted, and much of their waste goes into improper waste disposals such as rivers, lakes, and oceans. Since this occurs, people living near water cannot get the clean water they need. They may have to relocate to other places.
2) In Nigeria, the people work to keep their forests and swamps clean. They have two major rivers (the Niger and Benue Rivers) flowing throughout the land. Therefore, it has one of the largest and rapidly- growing populations spreading through the country.

Inhabitants changing environment:
1) Many of the inhabitants have began to realize that their government cannot control some of the environmental factors. Therefore, they began to work together and begin with small steps (grass roots) to change their environment for the better.
2) Woman in the West African region began realizing some time ago that they could hold some power. They began in small steps, like using the soil while their husbands were gone off to war, to supply the food demand. These interactions with their environment helped them realize they had power, made use of the land, and supplied food for those in need of it.

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Three African kids standing by polluted water
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Woman farming in West Africa

















Sources:
http://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sl.html
www.accessgambia.com
www.gambia.com
www.cia.gov
www.state.gov.com
http://www.ghanaweb.com/
http://www.farmafrica.org.uk/images/latest-news/Women-farming.jpg