TheSahel



sahel.jpg 277538.jpg2_5k%20Bushland.jpgchina-desert.jpg02.jpg
The moutanins of Mali............................ The savanna in Niger............................................. The Sahara north of Mali.................The plateau in the sahel





The Sahel runs 2,400 miles from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to the Red Sea in the east, in a belt that varies from several hundred to a thousand kilometers in width, covering an area of 3,053,200 square kilometers. It is a transitional region of semi-arid grasslands, savannas, steppes, and thorn shrublands lying between the woodedSudanian savanna to the south and the Sahara to the north. The countries of the Sahel today include Senegal, Mauritania, Mali,Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Chad, Sudan, and Eritrea. Several isolated plateaus and mountain ranges rise from the Sahel, but are designated as separate ecoregions because their flora and fauna are distinct from the surrounding lowlands.


Mali~

mali-map.gif
CLIMATE has influinced many things in mali. It has shaped there culture and could be seen in the food they prepare. The hot arid tempiture of
the north has made the people settele near oasas and the niger river.
mali.jpg
This bridge is built over the niger river.
Mali_Band_aroutemple.JPG
An example of how the ancent cultures of this area have adapted to the region.
Mali_Moskee_van_Djennegroot.jpg
This is a mosque which is built mostly for clay and some wood beams.


Mali is a landlocked nation in Western Africa. Mali is the 7th largest country in Africa, bordering Algeria on the north, Niger on the east, Burkina Faso and the Côte d'Ivoire on the south, Guinea on the south-west, and Senegal and Mauritania on the west. Its size is just over 1,240,000 km² with an estimated population of about 13,000,000. Its capital is Bamako. Mali consists of eight regions and its borders on the north reach deep into the middle of the Sahara, while the country's southern region, where the majority of inhabitants live, features the Niger and Senegal rivers. The country's economic structure centers around agriculture and fishing. Some of Mali's natural resources include gold, uranium, and salt. Mali is one of the poorest nations in the world. About half the population live below the international poverty line of US$1.25 a day.
Ecosystems
Natural Resources
Major Ethnic Groups
Major Religions
Government
Population
GDP per Capita
Issues of
Concern
Shrub lands
gold
Mande 50%
90% muslim
Semi-presidential republic
13,010,000
$656 per captia
AIDS\HIV
Savannah
salt
Peul 17%
5% Christian





Grasslands
uranium
Voltaic 12%
5% Triditional




Rain forest
phosphates
Songhai 6%






limestone
Tuareg and Moor 10%






gypsum
other 5%








Niger~

external image niger-map.jpg
Fachi-Bilma-Dünen.jpg
In nigeria this area use to be farm land but is now arid desert.
800px-Niamey_night.jpgAncient_home_zinder_niger.jpg

Niger is one of the countries in the Sahel. It is landlocked between seven countries: Algeria, Libya, Chad, Nigeria, Benin, Burkina Faso, and Mali. Also, it is located in between the Sahara and Sub-Saharan regions. The climate is very hot and dry due to being made mostly out of desert. The capital city is Niamey. Other cities include: Maradi, Zinder, Dosso, Tahoua, and Djado.
Ecosystems
Natural Resources
Major Ethnic Groups
Major Religions
Government
Population
GDP per Capita
Issues of
Concern
Desert
Uranium (largest export)

Islam (95% are Sunni and 5% are Shi'a)

15,290,000 (total)
GDP (PPP) - $739
Poor

Gold

Animist (small percentage)

31.2/sq. mi. (Population density)
GDP (nominal) - 391



Coal

Christian (small percentage)





Oil









Chad~
850_a.jpg
rob.jpg
imageswoman.jpg
Most of the people of Chad use the method of subsistence farming

This is a picture of a nuclear power plant in Chad this shows Most people in Chad use the method
some of the human interaction with the environment. of subsistence farming.


Chad is a country in central Africa. It is landlocked between Niger, Libya, Nigeria, Sudan, Cameroon, and Sudan. The climate is tropical in the south and desert in the north. Chad has the most significant water body in the Sahel, Lake Chad. The capital of Chad is N'Djamena and other major cites include Mao, Doba, Moundou, Mongo, Aozou, Emi Koussi, and Faya-Largeau.
Ecosystems
Natural Resources
Major Ethnic Groups
Major Religions
Government
Population
GDP per Capita
Issues of
Concern
tropical in south, desert in north
petroleum
Sara 27.7%
Muslim 53.1%
Republic
10,329,208
$1,600
AIDS/HIV
savannah
uranium
Arab 12.3%
Catholic 20.1%



Poverty


natron
Mayo-Kebbi 11.5%
Protestant 14.2%





kaolin
Kanem-Bornou 9%
Animist 7.3%





gold
Quaddi 8.7%
Other 0.5%





fish
Hadjarai 6.7%
Unknown 1.7%





limestone
Tanjile 6.5%
Atheist 3.1%





sand
Gorane 6.3%






gravel
Fitri-Batha 4.7%






salt
Other 6.4%







Unknown 0.3%







Mauritania~
mauritania_rel95.jpg
Famous Chingueti Mosquee- Religious Worship
Famous Chingueti Mosquee- Religious Worship
Market in Capital- Nouakchott
Market in Capital- Nouakchott
Camp in Nouadhibou
Camp in Nouadhibou

Climate- Mauritania is constantly hot and dry with dusty winds. The desert of Mauritania can have temperatures that exceed 100*F but generally have cool nights.

Mauritania officially is a country in northwest Africa. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean on the west, by Senegal on the southwest, by Mali on the east and southeast, by Algeria on the northeast, and by Western Sahara on the northwest. The capital and largest city is Nouakchott, located on the Atlantic coast. Some other major cities are Biir Mogherein, Nouadhibou, and Atar.
Ecosystem
Natural Resources
Major Ethnic Groups
Major Religions
Government
Population
GDP per Capita
Issues of
Concern
Three-fourths Desert
Iron
40% mixed Moors/African
Muslim 99.84%
Republic
3,364,940
$1,800
Soil erosion
4%
Woodland
Copper
30% Moor
Christianity 0.16%
President- Muhamed Ould Abdel aziz


Severe drought


Diamonds
29% African

Prime Minister-Moulaye Ould Muhamed Laghdaf


Lack of fresh water

Oil





Overpopulation

Fish







Phosphate










Burkina Faso~

burkina-faso-map.jpg
photo_lg_burkinafaso.jpg
Temples and schools are made out of clay and sand.
Burkina-faso-dourtenga.jpg800px-BoboDioulasso-GrandMosqueE.JPG

Burkina Faso is a landlocked nation in West Africa. It is surrounded by six countries: Mali to the north, Niger to the east, Benin to the south east, Togo and Ghana to the south, and Côte d'Ivoire to the south west. Its size is 274,000 km² with an estimated population of more than 13,200,000. It was renamed on August 4, 1984, by President Thomas Sankara to mean "the land of upright people" in Moréand Dioula, the major native languages of the country.Burkina Faso's capital is Ouagadougou. After gaining independence from France in 1960, the country underwent many governmental changes until arriving at its current form, a semi-presidential republic. The president is Blaise Compaoré.

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Ecosystems
Natural Resources
Major Ethnic Groups
Major Religions
Government
Population
GDP per Capita

savannah
copper
Mossi 40%
Muslim 60%
Parliamentary Republic
15,757,000
$1,26
Limited medical care
tropical grass lands
iron
60 %
Christianity 16%


Blaise Compaoré
Dangerous roads;unpaved, narrow, and full of pot holes.
semi arid
manganese

Traditional 24%


Tertius Zongo


gold


























Works cited-

http://exploringafrica.matrix.msu.edu/images/mali.jpg
http://travel.nationalgeographic.com/places/images/photos/photo_lg_burkinafaso.jpg
http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_BkMT3A2k_mU/Rr4Nta4S80I/AAAAAAAAAj4/RSazrDGv9f4/s400/BurkinaFasoAugust2007+043.jpg
http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3136/3903495005_e9724c4b5d.jpg
http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/africa/mauritania_rel95.jp
http://wgnmka.wikispaces.com/file/view/sahel.jpg/92646928
http://wgnmka.wikispaces.com/file/view/burkina-faso-map.jpg
http://t2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:k8luwdVzM8cavM:http://watercharity.org/images/myers/tanzania_landscape.jpg
http://www.traveltourismdirectory.com/destinations/images/mauritani.jpg
http://www.bustler.net/images/gallery/masdar_plaza_lava_06.jpg
http://wwp.greenwichmeantime.com/images/time/africa/chad.jpg
http://wgnmka.wikispaces.com/file/view/Mali_Moskee_van_Djennegroot.jpg
http://www.intute.ac.uk/worldguide/maps2/850_a.jpg
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/39/Rebuilt_bridge_on_Bragoto_River.jpg
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burkina_Fasohttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/42/Burkina-faso-dourtenga.jpg/180px-Burkina-faso-dourtenga.jpghttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/8f/BoboDioulasso-GrandMosqueE.JPG/800px-BoboDioulasso-GrandMosqueE.JPGhttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c9/Fachi-Bilma-D%C3%BCnen.jpghttp://www.geographicguide.net/africa/images/niger-map.jpghttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/9c/Niamey_night.jpg/800px-Niamey_night.jpghttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/fe/Ancient_home_zinder_niger.jpg
[[image:http://flagspot.net/images/m/mr.gif width="324" height="216" align="center" caption="[Mauritania]" link="http://flagspot.net/images/m/mr.gif"]]



Christianity