HORN OF AFRICA​


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Ethiopia is in east-central Africa, bordered on the west by the Sudan, the east by Somalia and Djibouti, the south by Kenya, and the northeast by Eritrea. It has several high mountains, the highest of which is Ras Dashan at 15,158 ft (4,620 m). The Blue Nile, or Abbai, rises in the northwest and flows in a great semicircle before entering the Sudan. Its chief reservoir, Lake Tana, lies in the northwest.



Ethiopia
Capital City- Addis Ababa, it means 'new flower. Menelik found the city in 1887. Situated in the foothills of the Entoto Mountains and standing 2,400 meters above sea level it is the third highest capital in the world.

Major Landforms- 1. The Semien Mountains are the highest parts of the Ethiopian Plateau (more than 2,000 meters; or 6,560 feet). They are surrounded by a steep, ragged escarpment (step), with dramatic vertical cliffs, pinnacles, and rock spires.

2. Bale Mountains National Park is an area of high altitude plateau that is broken by many spectacular volcanic plugs and peaks, beautiful alpine lakes and rushing mountain streams that decend into deep rocky gorges to the lowlands below.

3. The Danakil Depression is in Northern Ethiopia. It is one of the lowest, hottest places on the surface of the earth. Yet every year thousands of traders from Ethiopian Highlands make an exhauting journey into the vast super heated bowl.

4. The Blue Nile River, originating at Lake Tana, flows through southwestern Ethiopia.bluenilesunset.jpg
Ecosystems
Resources
Ethnic
Religion
Government
Population
GDP Per Capita
Issues of Concerns
Dry Forest
Gold
Ormo 40%
Ethiopian Orthodox Christians 40%
Federal Republic
83 Million
$800
Nutrition
Moist Forest
Marble
Amhara 25%
Muslim 45-50%
President Council of State


Malaria
Woodland
Limestone
Tigre 7%

Council of Ministries


Poor Hygiene
Humid Forest
Small amounts of Tantulum
Somalia 6%

Prime Minister


Sanitation
Aquatic
Natural Gas
Sidama 9%




Clean Drinking Water
Wetland
Iron
Gurage 2%





Grassland and semi desert

Wolita 4%







Afar 4%







Other Nationalities 3%
























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​​ ​DJIBOUTI


CAPITAL CITY- djibouti city,Djibouti city has the same status as the country's five regions. The metropolitan territory borders the Arta Region to the south and west, and the Gulf of Tadjourah/Gulf of Aden to the north. The city is home to a population of around 400,000 people
MAJOR LANDFORMS- Djibouti is in essence a vast desert wasteland. From the narrow coastal plain, the land rises in the north to a small series of mountains. Central and south Djibouti is covered by a stony desert, as well as scattered volcanic plateaus crisscrossed by deep, time-worn troughs, some with shallow salt water lakes. Highest point is Mouss Ali. Lowest point is Lake Assal.
There we are
There we are
The high density of salt keeps you afloat with great power, it's stunning.




The French first took control of the small coastal settlement of Obock in 1859. The completion of the Franco-Ethiopian railway in 1917 established the town of Djibouti and began a period of economic growth as the port facilities were developed. Djibouti was known as French Somaliland until 1967 when it was renamed the French Territory of the Afars and the Issas; it became Djibouti at independence in 1977.

Climate Chart for Djibouti
[[image:../../images/climate/djibouti.gif width="449" height="269" caption="Climate Chart for Djibouti"]]

Somalia

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Somalia is located east of Ethiopia and Kenya. The capital city of Somalia is Mogadishu.
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Somalia Flag
Mogadishu has been in a battle since 1993. The Battle continues on still today. Today the population of Mogadishu is near 2.3 million people. Somalia gained independence from the UK and Italy in 1960. Somalia has President Sheikh Sharif Sheikh Ahmad and Prime Minister Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke in the head government positions.

Major Landforms
  1. Laas Gaal Caves. These Caves are located. The cave paintings are consider to be some of the best in Africa.
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    Laas Gaal Paintings
  2. The Cape of Guardafui are one of the highland areas of the Horn of Africa. Found in Somalia. Te Cape of Guardafui is near the Gulf of Aden. A mild and tropical place with warm temperatures and cool winds. CG.jpg















Somalia

Climate
Desert, Moderate temperatures, irregular rainfall
Ecosystem
Coastal and Marine
Natural Resources
Uranium, tin, copper, and salt
Activities
Livestock and Nomads
Government
Transition, Parliament, Federal Governmen
Population
9,832,017
Major Ethnic
Somali is 85% of the population
Major Religion
Sunni Muslim






Eritrea
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Relative Location:
North East Africa, between 12 degres and 18 degres north, and 36 degres and 44 degres East.

Capital City:
Asmara is situated on the eastern edge of Eritrea's highland plateau. Asmara enjoys a great climate, clean and picturesque streets, attractive palm trees, and a reputation as one of the safest, calm and alluring capital cities in Africa.

Major Landforms:
Alilgide River, Anstba River, Bariea River, Mt. Embasoira, Mt. Kobarsink.