East Africa
The Countries of Kenya, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi and Ethiopia


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Country
Kenya
Sudan
Tanzania
Uganda
Rwanda
Burundi
Capital
Nairobi
Khartoum
Dar Es Salaam
Kampala
Kigali
Bujumbura
Major Cities
Mombassa and
Kisuma
Omdurman
Lindi and Zanzibar
Fort Portal
-
-
Climate
Tropical along
the coast
semiarid, temperate
Varies from tropical
to temperate
Tropical,
Semiarid
Temperate/
Tropical
Equatorial
Ecosystems
Tropical Grasslands
desert scrub,
temperate savanna
tropical grasslands
and desert scrub
Wetland
Wetland and
Aquatic
Tropical Grassland
Tropical Rainforest
Wetland
Temperate
Tropical Grassland
Tropical Rainforest
Resources
Soda ash
gold
limestone
salt barites
petroleum, iron ore,
copper, sorghum
hydropower,phosphates,
iron ore, coal, diamonds,
gemstones, gold, natural-
gas, and nickel
Copper,
Cobalt,
Hydropower,
Limestone,
Salt,
Arable land
Cassiterite,
Wolfram, Gold,
and Coltan
nickel, uranium, rare earth oxides,
peat, cobalt,copper, platinum,
vanadium, arable land,hydropower, niobium,
tantalum, gold,tin, tungsten,
kaolin, limestone
Economic
Activities
subsistence agriculture
commercial and
subsistence farming,
nomadic herding
Agricultural processing
( sugar, beer, cigarettes,
twine) diamond and gold mining
Commercial
Farming
Subsistence
Farming
Subsistence
Farming
GDP per capita
$1,600
$1
$1000000000000000
$1,300
$1,000
$600
Type of
Government
Republic
authoritarian
democracy
Republic
Republic
Ethnocracy
Ethnocracy
Ethnic Groups
Kikuyu, Luhys,
and African
Arab, black
99% is African other 1% is
Arab, European, and Asian

Hutu and Tutsi
(Watusi)
Mainly Tutsi
(Watusi)
Religions
Protestant and
Roman Catholic
Islam, traditional
(Animism) and
Christianity
Christain, Muslim, and
indigeous beliefs
Roman Catholic,
Protestant,
Anglican,
Pentecostal,
Muslim,
traditional beliefs.
Roman Catholic,
Protestant,
Adventist,
Muslim, and
traditional beliefs.
Christianity,
Roman Catholic,
Protestant,
Muslim,
traditional beliefs.




Kenya

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Kenya is bordered by Ethiopia, Somalia, Tanzania, Uganda, and the Indian Ocean. The capital of Kenya is Nairobi. Kenya climate is tropical along the coast. Natural resources in this country is gold, limestone, hydropower, soda ash, and salt barites. There major activities in this country is agriculture. The GPD of the country is $1,600 per capital.

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Major landforms in Kenya are Great Rift Valley, Mount Kenya, Lake Turkana and Kakamega Forest. Mount Kenya is the largest mountain in Kenya. The second largest mountain in Africa. Mount Kenya is a stratovolcano. There are eight distinct vegetation bands. Kakamega Forest in located northwest of the capital. Kenya has rolling grasslands, highland coffee plantations, and national parks. Lake Turkana is also known as Lake Rudolph. It is the world's largest permanent desert lake and the world's largest alkaline lake.Kenya is bathed in steamy heat. The Great Rift Valley slices the country's highlands. Most of the people live in the fertile highlands. Rainfall is uncertain in the northern part of the country. Kenya is known for all its national parks.

Kenya doesn't have enough food for the country because of the government. Rather then growing food the government has been only growing cash crops. The land that they don't use is for agriculture and that isn't much. The people are suffering from malnutrition. Kenya has been stable and most admired since independence. The population has grew at an astounding rate. Since they could not meet the needs of the growing population they have faced complications. Social and political unrest has started. Ethnic groups are not at peace anymore.The violence of ethnic groups have push farmers off their land to the Great Rift Valley and it has further hurt production of food. The struggle for peace and unity still continues.


Uganda

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Uganda has many kinds of climates. Two of its main climates are tropical and semiarid.the climate is not uniform as the altitude modifies the climate. Southern Uganda is wetter with rain generally spread throughout the year. At Entebbe on the northern shore of lake victoria, most rain falls from March to June and the November through December.Further to the north a dry season gradually starts.The country is located on the East African plateau.Uganda's economy suffered from devastating economic policies and instability, leaving Uganda as one of the world's poorest countries.Ugandas major resources are copper, cobalt, hydropower, limestone, salt, and arable land.Landforms of this country are lake Victoria, lake Edward, lake George, and Albert nile river.Kampala is Ugandas capital city. Gula, Liras, Sorti, Arua, and Fort Portal are major citiesfor Uganda.The type of Government in Uganda is Republic, the current political leader is Lt.Gen Yoweri Kaguta Museveni and he's the president.The population desity is 164.2. Major enthic groups are Baganda(16.9%) and Banyakole(45%).The most common language is English.Uganda has negative Human enviroment interactions which are Draining of wetlands for argricultural use,deforestation, soil erosion,and widespread poaching.Christianity and Islam are religions in this country and they also do many traditional beliefs. Christians made up about 84% of Uganda's population. TheRoman cahlothic church has the largest number of adherents (41.9%), followed by the Angalin Church of Uganda (35.9%).Islams represent 12% of the population.Illiteracy is common in Uganda, mostly among women. Uganda has both private and public schools.


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Sudan
Sudan is a large country - the largest on its continent, infact, located on the border of the Sahara desert and the tropical grasslands of low-latitude Africa. Its division in climate has also created prominent divisions in its people - those of the northern deserts are Arab Muslims, while those of the savanna in the south are black and either Animists who practice traditional religions, or protestant Christians. As a result of this division, Sudan has been in political turmoil since its independence in the 1950's.

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Although poor in its more rural and suburb villages, Sudan's cities are economic hubs that are extremely important to trade and industry in East Africa. Khartoum, Sudan's capital, is heavily populated and very industrialized. It is the center of much of Sudan's source of manufacturing and production of items for export. It is also located very strategically at the split of the Nile River into the Blue Nile and the White Nile. In other words, Khartoum is located at the crossroads of three major bodies of water; the very key to its success.

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However, as previously stated, the other regions of Sudan are not all so productive and developed. The rural regions are poverty stricken, frequently in bouts of drought and resulting violence, and in a struggle to make jobs for its people with such a lack of resources (specifically in the northern deserts). The most at risk region of Sudan is unanimously Darfur, the semiarid rural region in the west of the country, on the border of Chad. It is located neither in the south nor the north, but right in the middle; which is one of its major causes of conflict, along with disputes with the people of Chad. The crisis in Darfur has gained global attention and has been declared not war or massacre but genocide - the mass, systematic killing of a group of ethnic people. Genocide also indicates a racial or ethnic conflict. Crises in Darfur have been given large numbers to the statistic that over two million Sudanese have been killed in war and conflict since January 1st, 1956 - the date of Sudan's independence from Britain.

Sudan has a rich history beginning between four and three thousand B.C. Sudan was the location of the Nubian civilization, south of the pyramids and great temples of ancient Egypt. The Egyptians were rivals with the Nubians, and mentioned them countless times in ancient writings. Nubia was an extremely influencial, powerful civilization; one of the most important in ancient history. However, Nubia is not the only civilization Sudan played host to in ancient times. The even older civilization of Cush is located on the eastern border of Sudan, next to Ethiopia. Cush is mentioned countless times in the Bible and the Jewish Torah - the wife of Moses, Zipporah, was a Cushite.


Rwanda and Burundi

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Rwanda Flag


An ethnocracy is a government in which one ethnic group rules over others. Rwanda and Burundi are both examples of ethnocracies.
Eighty percent of the population in Rwanda belongs to the Hutu group. The Hutu have been firmly in power since 1959 when they overthrew the Tutsi-controlled government. The Hutu and Tutsi currently share power in Rwanda. In 1959, 100,000 people were killed when the Tutsi were overthrown by the Hutu. In 1994, hudreds of thousands of Tutsi people were murdered and nearly two million Rwandans were driven from their homes during a brief, but terribly horrifying civil war.


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Burundi Flag


Although they only count for fourteen percent of the population, the Tutsi are in power in Burundi. The Tutsi controll the military and and use it to control its country and contain power. Since 1962, tens of thousands of Tutsi's and Hutu's have been brutally slaughtered since Burundi gave them independence. In 1993, during Burundi's first free election, the people chose a Hutu president. Within just a few short months, the Tutsi-controlled military over threw him.
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Burundi Village
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Military



Tanzania
Tanzania is to the east of Burundi and Rwanda. It is the second poorest country in the world. Its neighbor Mozambique is the first poorest country in the world. The differece between the two is Tanzania has great potential wealth in its land, the soil is fertile in many places. The land varies from humid coastal lands to cool mountinous land and also dry central plains. The ground provides iron ore, coal, diamonds, and other minerals.

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In the years between 1961 and 1985 a experiment went on in Tanzania. The people were forced to move into villages and work on farms. During this time the economy came there came to an abrupt halt. this stayed this way until socilism was abandoned and the economy turned back around. One of the key parts of recovering was paying farmers fair amounts for their crops.

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When the people saw that they could make money just by growing corn and cotton, they started to farm the land once again.



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Work Cited Page

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Christianity